재미한인 시에 나타난 자본주의적 생태에 대한 인식

Conception of Capitalistic Ecology in Korean American poems

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study aimed the conception of Capitalistic Ecology in poems written by Kim Yoon-Tae in New York. Capitalism pursuits endless growing and profit. During this process, human being and the nature are isolated and exploited by becoming the Other. For this reason, the capitalism is pointed out as the source of ecological crisis.

    Kim Yoon-Tae immigrated in the U.S. before the enactment of 1965 Immigration Law which annulled the forbidden clause of Asian immigrants. He captured the shock and realistic pain caused by American capitalism which was totally new to him. He criticized the money oriented capitalism and the society which missing the trust and caring. He also describes dark side of American capitalistic society through the lives of exploited and isolated ethnic minority workers. He reflected what is like to live as an ethnic minority in the U.S. not a Caucasian.

    The poet strongly criticizes the racism and white dominant social structure by describing African American, Asian American and other ethnic minorities. While most other Korean American poets embodied the difficulty in immigrant life and conflicts as immigrants in their personal level, Kim Yoon-Tae penetrates the exploiting and isolating structure of American capitalism through his own experience. Kim Yoon-Tae constituently sticks to sharp critical view point toward American capitalistic ecology from his early writings. He showed the life of ethnic minorities who were encroached by American capitalism. This includes economy, race and natural ecology.

    His poems represent the way American capitalism treats immigrant workers. These types of immigrants’ lives are interlocked with his life experience, and are represents in his works. His writing vividly describes how human dignity and meaning of life become impoverished by the capitalism. His poems expose the light and shade of American society. Although Kim Yoon-Tae’s poems do not claim to advocate ecological poems, his wo rks are most ecological poems because they criticize the capitalism as the cause of the ecological crisis.

  • KEYWORD

    자본주의 , 자본주의적 생태 , 타자 , 인종 , 생태위기

  • 1. 들어가는 말

    본고는 현재 뉴욕에서 활동하고 있는 김윤태의 시에 나타난 자본주의적 생태1)에 대한 인식에 관해 알아보는 것을 목적으로 한다. 미국식 자본주의는 이미 전 세계적으로 확산되어 있으며 오늘날에는 신자유주의라는 이름으로 지구를 하나의 시장체계로 만들어 가고 있다. 오늘날 미국이 이렇게 세계 제일의 강국이 될 수 있었던 데는 여러 가지 이유가 있겠지만 그 중에서 간과할 수 없는 부분은 아프리카계 미국인을 비롯하여 라티노, 아시아계 미국인 등과 같은 유색인종들의 값싼 노동력이 뒷받침되었기 때문이라는 점이다. 이처럼 미국 경제부흥의 역사 뒤에는 이민 노동자들의 땀과 눈물이 자리하고 있다. 본고는 김윤태의 시가 자본주의 경제논리에 의해 소외 되어가는 이민 노동자의 모습과 백인